43 result(s)

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Adverse Childhood Experiences in Children with Intellectual Disabilities: An Exploratory Case-File Study in Dutch Residential Care

Vervoort-Schel, J., Mercera, G., Wissink, I., Mink, E., van der Helm, P., Lindauer, R., & Moonen, X. (2018). Adverse Childhood Experiences in Children with Intellectual Disabilities: An Exploratory Case-File Study in Dutch Residential Care. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15. (Open access).   This exploratory study conducted in the Netherlands explores the […] suite ›
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Maltreated children use more grammatical negations

Knolle, F., Vallotton, C.D., Ayoub, C.C. (2018). Maltreated children use more grammatical negations. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 27, 453-464. (Open access) This study examines the relationship between language development and child maltreatment. The researchers recorded the spontaneous speech of 64 children aged 2 to 5 years during free play sessions. All of the children […] suite ›
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Child trauma exposure and psychopathology: mechanisms of risk and resilience

McLaughlin, K.A., Lambert, H.K. (2017) Child trauma exposure and psychopathology: mechanisms of risk and resilience. Current Opinion in Psychology. 14, 29-34. (Open access). Keywords: Trauma, threat processing, risk factors, resilience. This short article presents a biopsychosocial model of risk factors and resilience following childhood trauma. The authors examine some of the mechanisms responsible for the […] suite ›
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Early Childhood Is Critical to Health Equity

Braveman, P., Acker, J., Arkin, E., Bussel ,J., Wehr, K., and Proctor, D. Early Childhood Is Critical to Health Equity. Princeton, NJ: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2018. (Open access). This report prepared by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation addresses the issue of health equity and is intended for all actors in the fields of health, […] suite ›
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Post-traumatic stress symptom development as a function of changing witnessing in-home violence and changing peer relationship quality: Evaluating protective effects of peer relationship quality

Post-traumatic stress symptom development as a function of changing witnessing in-home violence and changing peer relationship quality: Evaluating protective effects of peer relationship quality. Mishra, A.A., Christ, S.L., Schwab-Reese, L.M., & Nair, N. (2018). Child Abuse and Neglect, 81. 332-342. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29793148 This study examines the impact of witnessing family violence and the quality of peer […] suite ›
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Cyberbullying in children and youth: Implications for health and clinical practice

Cyberbullying in children and youth: Implications for health and clinical practice. Vaillancourt, T., Faris, R., & Mishna, F. (2017). The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 62, p. 368-373. (Free access article). Keywords: Cyberbullying, prevention, mental health, screening, youth. Cyberbullying has significant negative impacts on the health and well-being of children and adolescents. This article presents the […] suite ›
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Prenatal stress as a risk – and an opportunity – factor

Prenatal stress as a risk – and an opportunity – factor. Hartman, S., Freeman, S.M., Bales, K.L., & Belsky, J. (2018). Psychological Science. Keywords: Plasticity, prenatal stress, early environment, anxiety, vasopressin. Prenatal stress induces a heightened reactivity to the environment and is a risk factor for the development of harmful mental and physical conditions in […] suite ›
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Protecting unauthorized immigrant mothers improves their children’s mental health

Protecting unauthorized immigrant mothers improves their children’s mental health. Hainmuller, J., Lawrence, D., Martén, L., Black, B., Figueroa, L., Hotard, M., Jiménez, T.R., Mendoza, F., Rodriguez, M.I., Swartz, J.J., & Laitin, D.D. (2017). Science, 357, p. 1041-1044. (Article libre d’accès). Keywords: Intergenerational transmission, child development, anxiety, toxic stress, health inequities. This article explores how the […] suite ›
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The effect of multiple adverse childhood experiences on health: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The effect of multiple adverse childhood experiences on health: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hughes, K., Bellis, M.A., Hardcastle, K.A., Sethi, D., Butchart, A., Mikton, C., Jones, L., & Dunne, M.P. (2017). The Lancet, 2, August 2017. e356-e366. (Open access). http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(17)30118-4/fulltext Keywords: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs); Health; Addiction; Life Trajectory. Numerous literature reviews have reported […] suite ›
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Mothers’ adverse childhood experiences and their young children’s development

Mothers’ adverse childhood experiences and their young children’s development. Sun, J., Falguni, P., Rose-Jacobs, R., Frank, D.A., Black, M.M., & Chilton, M. (2017). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 6, p.882–891. (Open access). PDF https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379717304221  Keywords: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs); Developmental Risk; Depression, Health Status; Intergenerational Trauma. This study examines how the adverse experiences of mothers […] suite ›
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Facing the need: screening practices for the social determinants of health

Theiss, J., Regenstein, M. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 45 (2017): 431-441. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1073110517737543 Keywords: Social determinants of health, medical-legal partnership, screening, unmet needs, rights This article highlights the importance of screening and measuring social determinants of health to support and improve population health. Using qualitative and national data, the study presents the added […] suite ›
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Association between early life adversity and risk for poor emotional and physical health in adolescence: a putative mechanistic neurodevelopmental pathway

Luby, J.L., Barch, D., Whalen, D., Tillman, R., Belden, A. JAMA Pediatrics, Oct. 30, 2017. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/article-abstract/2659320  Keywords: Neurological development, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), emotional competence, adolescent depression, longitudinal study. This longitudinal prospective neuroimaging study investigates a possible neurobiological pathway linking early childhood adversity and increased risk for emotional and physical health problems. The paper also […] suite ›
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Concurrent and Longitudinal Contribution of Exposure to Bullying in Childhood to Mental Health: The Role of Vulnerability and Resilience

Singham, T., Viding, E., Schoeler, T., Arseneault, L., Ronald, A., Cecil, C.M., McCrory, E.,  Rijsdijk, F., Pingault, J.B. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017;74(11):1112-1119. (Open Access) https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/fullarticle/2656182 Keywords: Bullying, mental health, resiliency, prevention. Using a twin difference design and multi-informant, multiscale data, this study explore the contribution of exposure to bullying in childhood and mental health. Findings suggest […] suite ›
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Allostasis and the Epigenetics of Brain and Body Health Over the Life CourseThe Brain on Stress

McEwen B.S. Allostasis and the epigenetics of brain and body health over the life course: The brain on stress. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017;74(6):551–552. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.0270 http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/article-abstract/2619523 Keywords: Allostatic Load; Toxic Stress; Epigenetics; Cerebral Plasticity This short opinion piece explains the concept of allostatic loads (negative impacts of stress on the body and brain). The author introduces the […] suite ›
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The protective effect of neighborhood social cohesion in child abuse and neglect

Maguire-Jack K. and Showalter K. (2016). The protective effect of neighborhood social cohesion in child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 52, 29-37. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0145213415004755?via%3Dihub Keywords: Child Abuse; Child Neglect; Neighborhoods; Protective Factors; Social Cohesion American researchers have examined the protective role played by social cohesion (mutual trust and support among neighbours) on negligence and abuse. […] suite ›
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Associations between household food insecurity in early childhood and children’s kindergarten skills

Johnson A.D. and Markowitz A.J. (2017). Associations between household food insecurity in early childhood and children’s kindergarten skills. Child Development. doi:10.1111/cdev.12764 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cdev.12764/abstract Keywords: Food Insecurity; Vulnerability; Social-emotional Development; Cognitive Development; Preschool Ages Food insecurity in the home has a direct impact on child development at both the social-emotional and cognitive levels. Using recent data from […] suite ›
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2017 Symposium – Delphine Collin-Vézina – Au-delà du comportement : Approches sensibles au vécu traumatique des enfants et des jeunes

Delphine Collin-Vézina : Au-delà du comportement : Approches sensibles au vécu traumatique des enfants et des jeunes Delphine Collin-Vézina, Ph.D, is a licensed clinical psychologist. She is the Director of McGill University’s Centre for Research on Children and Families and Associate Professor at the McGill School of Social Work and Department of Pediatrics. She is also […] suite ›
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Living in stressful neighbourhoods during pregnancy: an observational study of crime rates and birth outcomes

Clemens, T., & Dibben, C. (2016). Living in stressful neighbourhoods during pregnancy: an observational study of crime rates and birth outcomes. European Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckw131 (accès libre/open access) What is the impact of the crime levels of the neighborhood on baby’s birth weight, length of gestation, or premature birth? A large Scottish […] suite ›
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Toward a unified theory of childhood trauma and psychosis: a comprehensive review of epidemiological, clinical, neuropsychological and biological findings

Misiak, B., Krefft, M., Bielawski, T., Moustafa, A.A., Sasiadek, M.M., & Frydecka, D. (2017). Toward a unified theory of childhood trauma and psychosis: a comprehensive review of epidemiological, clinical, neuropsychological and biological findings. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.02.015 This meta-analysis addresses the link between childhood trauma and psychosis. The review includes epidemiological, clinical, neuropsychological and […] suite ›
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Care of the Adolescent After an Acute Sexual Assault

Crawford-Jakubiak JE, Alderman EM, Leventhal JM, AAP COMMITTEE ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT, AAP COMMITTEE ON ADOLESCENCE. Care of the Adolescent After an Acute Sexual Assault. 2017;139(3):e20164243. (Libre d’accès/open access) This report provides clinical guidance for pediatrician to address acute sexual assault on adolescent. Updated information on care of victims, follow-up, mental health impact and […] suite ›
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Socioeconomic status and the 25 × 25 risk factors as determinants of premature mortality: a multicohort study and meta-analysis of 1·7 million men and women

Stringhini, S, Carmeli, C, Jokela, M…, and al., for the LIFEPATH consortium. Socioeconomic status and the 25 × 25 risk factors as determinants of premature mortality: a multicohort study and meta-analysis of 1·7 million men and women. The Lancet. 2017; (published online Jan 31). (Libre d’accès/open access) This meta-analysis reviews data from 48 studies to […] suite ›
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Childhood Maltreatment and Development of Substance Use Disorders: A Review and a Model of Cognitive Pathways

Edalati, H., & Crank, M.D. (2016). Childhood Maltreatment and Development of Substance Use Disorders: A Review and a Model of Cognitive Pathways. Trauma, violence, & abuse, 17, p. 454-467. (Article libre d’accès). Based on previous research, this paper explores impact of early stress and maltreatment on the development of brain structure and function. Impacts on […] suite ›
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Psychoneuroimmunology of Early-Life Stress: The Hidden Wounds of Childhood Trauma?

Danese, A., & Lewis, S.J. (2017). Psychoneuroimmunology of Early-Life Stress: The Hidden Wounds of Childhood Trauma? Neuropsychopharmacology Reviews, 42, p. 99-114. Based on observational studies and experimental studies in animal models, this paper provides detailed information on the effect of early trauma exposure on the development of the immune system and resulting risk for psychopathologies. […] suite ›
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Child trauma exposure and psychopathology: mechanisms of risk and resilience

McLaughlin, K. A., & Lambert, H. K. (2016). Child trauma exposure and psychopathology: mechanisms of risk and resilience. Current Opinion in Psychology, 14, p. 29-34. Early trauma exposure involves an increasing risk to develop various psychopathologies. This paper lists the mechanisms connected to internalized and externalized problems, more precisely increased perception, or even erroneous, of […] suite ›
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Case study – Sébastien and neglect

Through the story of Sébastien, Dr. Julien and Julie Desharnais, social worker and Assistant Director General at the Fondation, explain how neglect is perceived and addressed in community social pediatrics. suite ›
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Beyond Cumulative Risk: A Dimensional Approach to Childhood Adversity

McLaughlin & Sheridan, 2016. In: Current directions in Psychological Sciences. This paper proposes an alternative model for childhood adversity and the specific mechanisms linking adverse experiences with developmental outcomes. Rather than looking at the cumulative score of adversity, the model attempts to analyse complex adverse experiences into core underlying dimensions that cut across multiple forms […] suite ›
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Neurological changes in brain structure and functions among individuals with a history of childhood sexual abuse: A review

Blanco L. and al., 2015. In: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews It is well-known that childhood sexual abuse has detrimental effects on the development of brain structure. This paper is a review of research on neurological changes in brain structure and functions among survivors of childhood sexual abuse. The review summarizes structural and functional neurological changes […] suite ›
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Intergenerational Risk Transmission and Toxic Stress : Impact on Child Development in a Community Social Pediatric Setting

Presented at the 22nd International Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied Professions World Congress (IACAPAP), Calgary, sept.2016 Preliminary data from the MAVAN study were presented as a poster at the IACAPAP congress in September 2016. We compared a CSP vulnerable population living in a low SES neighbourhood to a low income subsample of […] suite ›
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Evaluating Strategies For Reducing Health Disparities By Addressing The Social Determinants Of Health

Thornton et al., 2016. In: Health Affairs This study reviews scientific evidence from promising interventions focused on the social determinants of health and discuss how such interventions can improve population health and reduce health disparities. These programs are implemented in the U.S. and address education and early childhood; urban planning and community development; housing; income […] suite ›
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Bilan Unicef – Innocenti 13

European Union (EU) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). It focuses on ‘bottom-end inequality’ – the gap between children at the bottom and those in the middle – and addresses the question ‘how far behind are children being allowed to fall?’ in income, education, health and life satisfaction. Across the OECD, he […] suite ›
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Maternal Childhood Maltreatment History and Child Mental Health: Mechanisms in Intergenerational Effects

M. Bosquet Enlow et al., 2016. In : Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology Does history of maternal adversity have a detrimental effect on their children’s emotional and mental health? 187 mother-child dyads participated in this longitudinal study. Authors explored links between life circumstances, maternal adversity and behavioral and emotional difficulties at the age […] suite ›
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The Neurobiology of Intervention and Prevention in Early Adversity

P.A. Fisher et al., 2016. In : Annual Review of Clinical Psychology It is well known that early adverse experiences affect development and well-being of individuals. This paper summarizes the research on three neurobiological systems relevant to interventions for populations experiencing high levels of early adversity: the hypothalamic-adrenal-pituitary axis, the prefrontal cortex regions involved in […] suite ›
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The transgenerational transmission of childhood adversity: behavioral, cellular, and epigenetic correlates

Gröger et al., 2016. In: Journal of Neural Transmission Interaction between early adverse experiences and genes have a great and detrimental influence on brain maturation and, as a result of, behavioral development and regulation. The paper focuses on the transgenerational transmission of the behavioral phenotype and modulation by epigenetic mechanisms. Individual differences such as resilience […] suite ›
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Neighborhood-level social processes and substantiated cases of child maltreatment

Molnar et al., 2016. in: Child Abuse & Neglect This American study evaluate correlation between child maltreatment (neglect, physical and sexual abuse, exposure to substances) and neighborhood social processes (collective efficacy, intergenerational closure, and social networks). Using multilevel analysis, results reveal consistent and significant associations between neighborhood social processes and maltreatment: those neighborhoods with higher […] suite ›
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Early experiences can alter Gene Expression and Affect long-term Development

National Scientific Council on the Developing Child (2010). Early Experiences Can Alter Gene Expression and Affect Long-term Development. Working Paper No. 10. This report reviews the evidence showing that experiences during childhood directly influence the expression of genes, leading to long-term changes in the architecture and development of the brain. It concludes that the child’s […] suite ›
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The aftermath of adverse childhood experiences : Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Beyond, on Early Brain & Biological Development: A science in Society Symposium

Lanius R. (2010) The aftermath of adverse childhood experiences: posttraumatic stress disorder and beyond. In: Early Brain & Biological Development: A Science in Society Symposium. Summary Report. Calgary, AB, Canada: The Norlien Foundation, p. 25. This summary describes the effects of negative experiences during childhood on brain development and the repercussions in adulthood. For example, […] suite ›
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Early childhood stimulation benefits adult competence and reduces violent behavior

Walker S.P., Chang S.M., Vera-Hernandez M. and Grantham-McGregor S. (2011). Early childhood stimulation benefits adult competence and reduces violent behavior. Pediatrics, 127 (5) : 849-857. This paper reports the findings of a Jamaican study on children exhibiting growth retardation. This study showed that psychosocial interventions in early childhood can have a positive impact in adulthood, most […] suite ›
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Children’s Emotional Development is built into the architecture of their brains

National Scientific Council on the Developing Child (2011). Children’s Emotional Development Is Built into the Architecture of Their Brains. p.2-4 This working paper underscores the importance of emotional development in shaping brain architecture. Currently, emotional development is not generally recognized as a core capacity in child development, alongside cognition, motor control and language. The authors […] suite ›
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Early Childhood Development: adverse experiences and developmental health

Boivin M. and Hertzman C. (2012), eds. Early Childhood Development: Adverse Experiences and Developmental Health. Royal Society of Canada and Canadian Academy of Health Sciences Expert Panel. This report on developmental health explains how negative experiences during early childhood affect the structure and functioning of the brain. It examines evidence from neurogenetic and epigenetic research, […] suite ›
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Environmental enrichment reverses the effects of maternal separation on stress reactivity

Francis D., Diorio J., Plotsky P.M. and Meaney M.J. (2002). Environmental enrichment reverses the effects of maternal separation on stress reactivity. Journal of Neuroscience, 22(18), 7840-7843. This paper examines the effects of providing an enriched environment to rats that show increased reactivity to stress following maternal separation early in life. The experiment showed that the […] suite ›
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Early childhood adversity, toxic stress and the role of the pediatrician: Translating developmental science into lifelong health

Shonkoff J.P., Siegel B.S, Dobbins M.I, Earls M.F., Garner A.S., McGuinn L., Pascoe J. and Wood D.L. (2011). Early childhood adversity, toxic stress and the role of the pediatrician: Translating developmental science into lifelong health. Pediatrics, doi:10.1542/peds.2011-2662. This article underscores the importance of having health professionals “translate” existing knowledge on the effects of toxic stress […] suite ›
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Toxic stress : the facts

Center on the Developing Child, University of Harvard (2012). Toxic stress : the facts. This report summarizes the various toxic stresses and their impacts on the development of children. It distinguishes between three types of stress: 1) positive stress, which is part of normal development, 2) tolerable stress, which is caused by a more serious […] suite ›
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Health impact assessment, the determinants of health

World Health Organization (2013). Health Impact Assessment ‒ The Determinants of Health This web page of the World Health Organization (WHO) lists the seven basic factors that determine health: transport, food, housing, waste, energy, industry and urbanization. It discusses each of these determinants and its impact on health, and provides a list of key resources. […] suite ›