119 result(s)

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The Adolescent Brain: A second window of opportunity

UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti (2017). The Adolescent Brain: A second window of opportunity, UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti, Florence.   Recent research in the neurosciences shows that the brain remains malleable and plastic throughout adolescence, therefore providing a “second window of opportunity” that can be used to positively influence the development of […] suite ›
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Adverse Childhood Experiences in Children with Intellectual Disabilities: An Exploratory Case-File Study in Dutch Residential Care

Vervoort-Schel, J., Mercera, G., Wissink, I., Mink, E., van der Helm, P., Lindauer, R., & Moonen, X. (2018). Adverse Childhood Experiences in Children with Intellectual Disabilities: An Exploratory Case-File Study in Dutch Residential Care. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15. (Open access).   This exploratory study conducted in the Netherlands explores the […] suite ›
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Maltreated children use more grammatical negations

Knolle, F., Vallotton, C.D., Ayoub, C.C. (2018). Maltreated children use more grammatical negations. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 27, 453-464. (Open access) This study examines the relationship between language development and child maltreatment. The researchers recorded the spontaneous speech of 64 children aged 2 to 5 years during free play sessions. All of the children […] suite ›
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Child trauma exposure and psychopathology: mechanisms of risk and resilience

McLaughlin, K.A., Lambert, H.K. (2017) Child trauma exposure and psychopathology: mechanisms of risk and resilience. Current Opinion in Psychology. 14, 29-34. (Open access). Keywords: Trauma, threat processing, risk factors, resilience. This short article presents a biopsychosocial model of risk factors and resilience following childhood trauma. The authors examine some of the mechanisms responsible for the […] suite ›
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Early Childhood Is Critical to Health Equity

Braveman, P., Acker, J., Arkin, E., Bussel ,J., Wehr, K., and Proctor, D. Early Childhood Is Critical to Health Equity. Princeton, NJ: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2018. (Open access). This report prepared by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation addresses the issue of health equity and is intended for all actors in the fields of health, […] suite ›
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Pediatric concerns due to expanded cannabis use: unintended consequences of legalization

Wang G.S. (2017). Pediatric concerns due to expanded cannabis use: unintended consequences of legalization. Journal of Medical Toxicology, 13, 99–105. (Open access). Keywords: Marijuana, cannabis, cannabidiol, pediatrics, adolescents, breastfeeding, pregnancy This article examines, among other things, the medical use of cannabis and its collateral effects on the pediatric population from in utero to adolescence. In […] suite ›
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Cannabis and Canada’s children and youth

Grant, C.N., Bélanger, R.E.; Canadian Paediatric Society; Adolescent Health Committee (2017) Cannabis and Canada’s children and youth. Paediatrics & Child Health. 22(2), 98-102. (Open access). Keywords: Adolescents, cannabis use disorder (CUD), cannabis withdrawal syndrome (CWS), neurodevelopment, THC With the imminent legalization of cannabis in Canada, the Canadian Paediatric Society has released this position statement in […] suite ›
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Marijuana Use During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Implications for Neonatal and Childhood Outcomes

Ryan, S.A., Ammerman, S.D., O’Connor, M.E.; AAP Committee on Substance Use and Prevention; AAP Sectionon Breastfeeding (2018) Marijuana use during pregnancy and breastfeeding: Implications for neonatal and childhood outcomes. 142(3): e20181889. (Open access) Keywords: Cannabis, prenatal development, neurodevelopment, breastfeeding This article reports the results of U.S. and European studies on cannabis consumption during pregnancy and […] suite ›
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Identifying effective components of child maltreatment interventions: A Meta analysis

Identifying effective components of child maltreatment interventions: A Meta‑analysis. Van der Put, C.E., Assink, M., Gubbels, J., & Boekhout van Solinge, N.F. (2018). Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 21. 171-202. This meta-analysis examined 121 studies in order to determine precisely what components contribute most to the effectiveness of interventions for child maltreatment. The researchers […] suite ›
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Patient navigators: Mapping the route toward accessibility in health care

Patient navigators: Mapping the route toward accessibility in health care. Rollins,M., Milone, F., Suleman, S., Vojvoda, D., Sgro, M., & Barozzino, T. (2018). Paediatrics & Child Health, pxy057. (Article libre d’accès). This commentary argues for the need to implement patient navigator programs in Canada to ensure that vulnerable populations have access to quality care. It […] suite ›
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Social-Emotional Development in the First Three Years: Establishingthe Foundations

Thompson, R. A., (2018). Social-Emotional Development in the First Three Years: Establishing the Foundations. Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center, Pennsylvania State University. (Open access). This short information paper addresses the social and emotional development of the child during the first three years of life. It underlines the importance of providing parents (or caregivers) with the […] suite ›
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Addressing Social Determinants of Health Through Medical-Legal Partnerships

Addressing Social Determinants of Health Through Medical-Legal Partnerships. Regenstein, M., Trott, J., Williamson, A., & Theiss, J. (2017). Health Affairs, 37. P. 378-385. Keywords: Partnership, legal aid, social determinants of health, equity. The objective of partnerships between the fields of medicine and law is to address the complex problems faced by vulnerable populations, problems that […] suite ›
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Perceived Neighborhood Quality, Family Processes, and Trajectories of Child and Adolescent Externalizing Behaviors in the United States

Perceived Neighborhood Quality, Family Processes, and Trajectories of Child and Adolescent Externalizing Behaviors in the United States. Li, M., Johnson, S.B., Musci, R.J., & Riley, A.W. (2017). Social Science and Medicine, p.1-10. Keywords: United States, child development, neighborhoods, family, problem behaviour.   This article explores the link between neighbourhood quality and externalizing behaviours in a […] suite ›
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Interventions to reduce inequalities in health and early child development in Europe from a qualitative perspective

Interventions to reduce inequalities in health and early child development in Europe from a qualitative perspective. Morrison, J., Pikhart, H., & Goldblatt, P. (2017). International Journal for Equity in Health. (Free access article) Keywords: Child development, early intervention, socioeconomic factors, poverty. This article examines five early intervention programs implemented in disadvantaged neighbourhoods in different European […] suite ›
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Cyberbullying in children and youth: Implications for health and clinical practice

Cyberbullying in children and youth: Implications for health and clinical practice. Vaillancourt, T., Faris, R., & Mishna, F. (2017). The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 62, p. 368-373. (Free access article). Keywords: Cyberbullying, prevention, mental health, screening, youth. Cyberbullying has significant negative impacts on the health and well-being of children and adolescents. This article presents the […] suite ›
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Prenatal stress as a risk – and an opportunity – factor

Prenatal stress as a risk – and an opportunity – factor. Hartman, S., Freeman, S.M., Bales, K.L., & Belsky, J. (2018). Psychological Science. Keywords: Plasticity, prenatal stress, early environment, anxiety, vasopressin. Prenatal stress induces a heightened reactivity to the environment and is a risk factor for the development of harmful mental and physical conditions in […] suite ›
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Protecting unauthorized immigrant mothers improves their children’s mental health

Protecting unauthorized immigrant mothers improves their children’s mental health. Hainmuller, J., Lawrence, D., Martén, L., Black, B., Figueroa, L., Hotard, M., Jiménez, T.R., Mendoza, F., Rodriguez, M.I., Swartz, J.J., & Laitin, D.D. (2017). Science, 357, p. 1041-1044. (Article libre d’accès). Keywords: Intergenerational transmission, child development, anxiety, toxic stress, health inequities. This article explores how the […] suite ›
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Coconstruction d’un projet autour de l’intervention avec les familles en situation de vulnérabilité sociale : retour réflexif sur les groupes de codéveloppement clinique

Suzanne Mongeau, Ph.D., Professeure, École de travail social, Université du Québec à Montréal Catherine Bélanger Sabourin, Ph.D. (c.), T.S., Chargée de cours, École de travail social, Université du Québec à Montréal Claire Vanier, Ph.D., Agente de développement, Service aux collectivités, Université du Québec à Montréal ABSTRACT : The purpose of this article is to present […] suite ›
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Executive functions and self-regulation: building core capabilities for life

Enjoy this educational and engaging new video from the Center on the Developing Child. It underscores, among other things, the importance of the community in the development of executive functions and self-regulation. https://developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/video-building-core-capabilities-life/ suite ›
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Coconstruction d’un projet autour de l’intervention avec les familles en situation de vulnérabilité sociale : retour réflexif sur les groupes de codéveloppement clinique

Coconstruction d’un projet autour de l’intervention avec les familles en situation de vulnérabilité sociale : retour réflexif sur les groupes de codéveloppement clinique. Mongeau, S., Bélanger Sabourin, C., & Vanier, C. (2017). Intervention, 146, p. 25-40. (Article libre d’accès). http://revueintervention.org/numeros-en-ligne/146/coconstruction-d-un-projet-autour-de-l-intervention-avec-les-familles Keywords: Clinical Co-development; Intervention/Family/Social Vulnerability, Reflexive Stance, Territorial Anchoring This article focuses on the clinical co-development approach […] suite ›
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Education Forum: An Online Journal

Education Forum: An Online Journal. http://www.rus-ameeduforum.com Various texts written by Canadian actors and their collaborators in social pediatrics. January 2018. The mandate of this open-access online journal is to foster dynamic cross-cultural exchange around best practices in the fields of education and services for children. The January 2018 issue focuses specifically on social pediatrics, bringing […] suite ›
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Relational Interventions for Maltreated Children

Relational Interventions for Maltreated Children. Valentino, K. (2017). Child Development, 88, p. 359-367. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cdev.12735/full  (Pay to access) Keywords: Relational Interventions; Maltreatment; Maternal Sensitivity; Attachment Organization. Relational interventions aimed at improving the parent-child relationship have been identified as a very promising approach in situations of child maltreatment. This article focuses on two key components of the […] suite ›
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The effect of multiple adverse childhood experiences on health: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The effect of multiple adverse childhood experiences on health: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hughes, K., Bellis, M.A., Hardcastle, K.A., Sethi, D., Butchart, A., Mikton, C., Jones, L., & Dunne, M.P. (2017). The Lancet, 2, August 2017. e356-e366. (Open access). http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(17)30118-4/fulltext Keywords: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs); Health; Addiction; Life Trajectory. Numerous literature reviews have reported […] suite ›
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Mothers’ adverse childhood experiences and their young children’s development

Mothers’ adverse childhood experiences and their young children’s development. Sun, J., Falguni, P., Rose-Jacobs, R., Frank, D.A., Black, M.M., & Chilton, M. (2017). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 6, p.882–891. (Open access). PDF https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379717304221  Keywords: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs); Developmental Risk; Depression, Health Status; Intergenerational Trauma. This study examines how the adverse experiences of mothers […] suite ›
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Three principles to improve outcomes for children and families

Center on the Developing Child, Harvard. (Article libre d’accès). https://developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/three-early-childhood-development-principles-improve-child-family-outcomes/  Keywords: Child development, determinants of health, toxic stress, public policies. This evidence-based report presents three principles to improve physical, emotional, and mental health of children and help them to develop to their full potential. The core principles are clearly exposed and explained to insure implementation […] suite ›
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A New Framework for Addressing Adverse Childhood and Community Experiences: The Building Community Resilience Model

Ellis, W.R., Dietz, W.H. (2017). Academic Pediatrics, 17. (Article libre d’accès). http://www.academicpedsjnl.net/article/S1876-2859(16)30552-6/fulltext  Keywords: Adverse childhood experiences. Child health services, community resilience, integrated clinical and community care, toxic stress. This paper presents the Building Community Resilience Model, an approach aiming to foster collaboration across different health services (child health, public health and community-based agencies) to address […] suite ›
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Facing the need: screening practices for the social determinants of health

Theiss, J., Regenstein, M. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 45 (2017): 431-441. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1073110517737543 Keywords: Social determinants of health, medical-legal partnership, screening, unmet needs, rights This article highlights the importance of screening and measuring social determinants of health to support and improve population health. Using qualitative and national data, the study presents the added […] suite ›
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Association between early life adversity and risk for poor emotional and physical health in adolescence: a putative mechanistic neurodevelopmental pathway

Luby, J.L., Barch, D., Whalen, D., Tillman, R., Belden, A. JAMA Pediatrics, Oct. 30, 2017. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/article-abstract/2659320  Keywords: Neurological development, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), emotional competence, adolescent depression, longitudinal study. This longitudinal prospective neuroimaging study investigates a possible neurobiological pathway linking early childhood adversity and increased risk for emotional and physical health problems. The paper also […] suite ›
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Concurrent and Longitudinal Contribution of Exposure to Bullying in Childhood to Mental Health: The Role of Vulnerability and Resilience

Singham, T., Viding, E., Schoeler, T., Arseneault, L., Ronald, A., Cecil, C.M., McCrory, E.,  Rijsdijk, F., Pingault, J.B. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017;74(11):1112-1119. (Open Access) https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/fullarticle/2656182 Keywords: Bullying, mental health, resiliency, prevention. Using a twin difference design and multi-informant, multiscale data, this study explore the contribution of exposure to bullying in childhood and mental health. Findings suggest […] suite ›
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Five numbers to remember about early childhood development

Over one million neural connections develop each second in a baby’s brain. This publication from the Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University shows the importance of the first years in a child’s life. Consult the resource suite ›
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Allostasis and the Epigenetics of Brain and Body Health Over the Life CourseThe Brain on Stress

McEwen B.S. Allostasis and the epigenetics of brain and body health over the life course: The brain on stress. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017;74(6):551–552. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.0270 http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/article-abstract/2619523 Keywords: Allostatic Load; Toxic Stress; Epigenetics; Cerebral Plasticity This short opinion piece explains the concept of allostatic loads (negative impacts of stress on the body and brain). The author introduces the […] suite ›
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The protective effect of neighborhood social cohesion in child abuse and neglect

Maguire-Jack K. and Showalter K. (2016). The protective effect of neighborhood social cohesion in child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 52, 29-37. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0145213415004755?via%3Dihub Keywords: Child Abuse; Child Neglect; Neighborhoods; Protective Factors; Social Cohesion American researchers have examined the protective role played by social cohesion (mutual trust and support among neighbours) on negligence and abuse. […] suite ›
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Associations between household food insecurity in early childhood and children’s kindergarten skills

Johnson A.D. and Markowitz A.J. (2017). Associations between household food insecurity in early childhood and children’s kindergarten skills. Child Development. doi:10.1111/cdev.12764 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cdev.12764/abstract Keywords: Food Insecurity; Vulnerability; Social-emotional Development; Cognitive Development; Preschool Ages Food insecurity in the home has a direct impact on child development at both the social-emotional and cognitive levels. Using recent data from […] suite ›
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Fathers’ Roles in the Care and Development of Their Children: The Role of Pediatricians. Pediatrics

Yogman M., Garfield C.F. and the COMMITTEE ON PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF CHILD, FAMILY HEALTH (2016). Fathers’ roles in the care and development of their children: The role of pediatricians. Pediatrics, 138, e20161128 Open access Keywords:  Fatherhood; Child Development; Mental Health This article summarizes recent research on father involvement in the family and the outcomes for […] suite ›
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White matter maturation is associated with the emergence of Theory of Mind in early childhood

Grosse Wiesmann C. et al. White matter maturation is associated with the emergence of Theory of Mind in early childhood. Nature Communications. 8, 14692 doi: 10.1038/ncomms14692 (2017). Open access Keywords: Theory of Mind; Child Development; White Matter; Brain Structure The theory of mind generally develops around the age of four, and this important development allows […] suite ›
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Living in stressful neighbourhoods during pregnancy: an observational study of crime rates and birth outcomes

Clemens, T., & Dibben, C. (2016). Living in stressful neighbourhoods during pregnancy: an observational study of crime rates and birth outcomes. European Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckw131 (accès libre/open access) What is the impact of the crime levels of the neighborhood on baby’s birth weight, length of gestation, or premature birth? A large Scottish […] suite ›
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Toward a unified theory of childhood trauma and psychosis: a comprehensive review of epidemiological, clinical, neuropsychological and biological findings

Misiak, B., Krefft, M., Bielawski, T., Moustafa, A.A., Sasiadek, M.M., & Frydecka, D. (2017). Toward a unified theory of childhood trauma and psychosis: a comprehensive review of epidemiological, clinical, neuropsychological and biological findings. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.02.015 This meta-analysis addresses the link between childhood trauma and psychosis. The review includes epidemiological, clinical, neuropsychological and […] suite ›
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Adversity, Maltreatment and Resilience in Young Children

Dubowitz, H., Thompson, R., Proctor, L., Metzger, R., Black M.M., English, D., Poole, G., & Magder, L. (2016). Adversity, Maltreatment and Resilience in Young Children. Academic Pediatrics, doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2015.12.005. This study focuses on resilience in young children at risk of maltreatment. Using a sample of preschool children from high-risk environment, researchers measured development in three […] suite ›
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Care of the Adolescent After an Acute Sexual Assault

Crawford-Jakubiak JE, Alderman EM, Leventhal JM, AAP COMMITTEE ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT, AAP COMMITTEE ON ADOLESCENCE. Care of the Adolescent After an Acute Sexual Assault. 2017;139(3):e20164243. (Libre d’accès/open access) This report provides clinical guidance for pediatrician to address acute sexual assault on adolescent. Updated information on care of victims, follow-up, mental health impact and […] suite ›
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Socioeconomic status and the 25 × 25 risk factors as determinants of premature mortality: a multicohort study and meta-analysis of 1·7 million men and women

Stringhini, S, Carmeli, C, Jokela, M…, and al., for the LIFEPATH consortium. Socioeconomic status and the 25 × 25 risk factors as determinants of premature mortality: a multicohort study and meta-analysis of 1·7 million men and women. The Lancet. 2017; (published online Jan 31). (Libre d’accès/open access) This meta-analysis reviews data from 48 studies to […] suite ›
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Out-of-home placement and regional variations in poverty and health and social services spending: A multilevel analysis

Esposito, T., Chabot, M., Rothwell, D.W., Trocmé, N., &Delaye, A. (2017). Out-of-home placement and regional variations in poverty and health and social services spending: A multilevel analysis. Children and Youth Services Review, 72. P. 34-43. (Free access) In Quebec, poverty contributes to the risk of child out-of-home placement. This is the conclusion reached by a […] suite ›
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Childhood Maltreatment and Development of Substance Use Disorders: A Review and a Model of Cognitive Pathways

Edalati, H., & Crank, M.D. (2016). Childhood Maltreatment and Development of Substance Use Disorders: A Review and a Model of Cognitive Pathways. Trauma, violence, & abuse, 17, p. 454-467. (Article libre d’accès). Based on previous research, this paper explores impact of early stress and maltreatment on the development of brain structure and function. Impacts on […] suite ›
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Psychoneuroimmunology of Early-Life Stress: The Hidden Wounds of Childhood Trauma?

Danese, A., & Lewis, S.J. (2017). Psychoneuroimmunology of Early-Life Stress: The Hidden Wounds of Childhood Trauma? Neuropsychopharmacology Reviews, 42, p. 99-114. Based on observational studies and experimental studies in animal models, this paper provides detailed information on the effect of early trauma exposure on the development of the immune system and resulting risk for psychopathologies. […] suite ›
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Childhood forecasting of a small segment of the population with large economic burden

Caspi, A., Houts, R.M., Belsky, D.W., Harrington, H., Hogan, S., Ramrakha, S., Poulton, R., & Moffit, T.E. (2016). Childhood forecasting of a small segment of the population with large economic burden. Nature Human Behavior, 1. (Free access article). Public policies show a growing interest for return of investment through early interventions with children: act now and […] suite ›
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Child trauma exposure and psychopathology: mechanisms of risk and resilience

McLaughlin, K. A., & Lambert, H. K. (2016). Child trauma exposure and psychopathology: mechanisms of risk and resilience. Current Opinion in Psychology, 14, p. 29-34. Early trauma exposure involves an increasing risk to develop various psychopathologies. This paper lists the mechanisms connected to internalized and externalized problems, more precisely increased perception, or even erroneous, of […] suite ›
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Childhood abuse and reduced cortical thickness in brain regions involved in emotional processing

Gold & al., 2016. In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Exposure to childhood abuse may interfere with cortical thickness in adolescence. Using magnetic resonance imaging on adolescent exposed to abuse and a control group (age: 13-20), the researchers examined associations between abuse and brain structure in different cortical regions. Results showed that child abuse […] suite ›
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Beyond Cumulative Risk: A Dimensional Approach to Childhood Adversity

McLaughlin & Sheridan, 2016. In: Current directions in Psychological Sciences. This paper proposes an alternative model for childhood adversity and the specific mechanisms linking adverse experiences with developmental outcomes. Rather than looking at the cumulative score of adversity, the model attempts to analyse complex adverse experiences into core underlying dimensions that cut across multiple forms […] suite ›
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Neurological changes in brain structure and functions among individuals with a history of childhood sexual abuse: A review

Blanco L. and al., 2015. In: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews It is well-known that childhood sexual abuse has detrimental effects on the development of brain structure. This paper is a review of research on neurological changes in brain structure and functions among survivors of childhood sexual abuse. The review summarizes structural and functional neurological changes […] suite ›
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Speech and language support: How physicians can identify and treat speech and language delays in the office setting

Moharir et coll., 2014. Dans : Pediatric Child Health Published in 2014, this paper presents an office-based tool for speech and language delays evaluation. The tool was elaborated jointly by pediatricians and speech and language pathologist. Although it is not meant to replace formal speech and language therapy consultation, the tool provides a simple and […] suite ›
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Neurobiological signatures associated with alcohol and drug use in the human adolescent brain

Silveri et al., 2016. In: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews Use of magnetic resonance (MR) allows to observe development, maturation and cortical re-organization in a non-invasive fashion. This paper presents results from 103 MR studies of adolescent alcohol and drug users. Impacts and cortical alterations are reported, along with polydrug use, effects of substance use on […] suite ›